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meodingu

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Join date : 2010-09-30

PostSubject: Juice   Thu 30 Dec 2010, 9:42 am


Juice
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the beverage. For other uses, see Juice (disambiguation).

Orange juice

Juice is the liquid that is naturally contained in fruit or vegetable tissue.

Juice is prepared by mechanically squeezing or macerating fresh fruits or vegetables flesh without the application of heat or solvents. For example, orange juice is the liquid extract of the fruit of the orange tree. Juice may be prepared in the home from fresh fruits and vegetables using a variety of hand or electric juicers.

Many commercial juices are filtered to remove fiber or pulp, but high-pulp fresh orange juice is a popular beverage. Juice may be marketed in concentrate form, sometimes frozen, requiring the user to add water to reconstitute the liquid back to its "original state". However, concentrates generally have a noticeably different taste from that of their "fresh-squeezed" counterparts. Other juices are reconstituted before packaging for retail sale.

Common methods for preservation and processing of fruit juices include canning, pasteurization, freezing, evaporation and spray drying.


In the United Kingdom the name of a fruit or fruits followed by juice can only legally be used to describe a product which is 100% fruit juice, as required by the Fruit Juices and Fruit Nectars (England) Regulations[1] and the Fruit Juices & Fruit Nectars (Scotland) Regulations 2003.[2] However a juice made by reconstituting concentrate can be called juice. A product described as the "nectar" of a fruit must contain a minimum of juice between 25% and 50% for different fruitcakes. A juice or nectar including concentrate must state that it does. The term "juice drink" is not defined in the Regulations and can be used to describe any drink which includes juice, however little.[3] Comparable rules apply in all EU member states in their respective languages.

In the USA fruit juice can only legally be used to describe a product which is 100% fruit juice. A blend of fruit juice(s) with other ingredients, such as high-fructose corn syrup, is called a juice cocktail or juice drink.[4] According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the term "nectar" is generally accepted in the U.S. and in international trade for a diluted juice to denote a beverage that contains fruit juice or puree, water, and which may contain artificial sweeteners.[5]

In New Zealand and Australia particularly (and others) juice denotes a sweetened fruit extract, whereas nectar denotes a pure fruit or vegetable extract.[citation needed]

Fruit juice labels may be misleading, with juice companies actively hiding the actual content. "No added sugar" is commonly printed on labels, but the products may contain large amounts of naturally occurring sugars;[6][7] however, sugar content is listed with other carbohydrates on labels in many countries.

Some carbonated beverages, not described as fruit juice, contain fruit juice (such as Mountain Dew, which contains orange juice).






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